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Glossary of Important Financial Terms

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Term Definition
Earnings per Share (EPS)

The net profit of a company, divided by the total number of shares outstanding.

Enterprise Value (EV)

Enterprise value is a measure of the value of a company, by adding market capitalization to debt and subtracting cash equivalents. Enterprise value is often used in the valuation of a takeover target company, as it takes into account the net debt obligations assumed by the acquirer.


(1): Also known as Shareholders’ Equity. It is the value of a company’s assets, less its liabilities. Equity is built up from shareholders’ investments and retained earnings (2): Refers to shares/stocks and their derivatives

Exchange Traded Fund (ETF)

An Exchange Traded Fund is a passively managed fund which attempts to closely mirror the performance of a market index, by investing in the stocks that make up the index. An ETF usually does not carry an initial sales charge. Instead, a sales charge is indirectly charged via a bid-ask pricing mechansim. An ETF has an annual management fee much lower than a unit trust since it is less actively managed.

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